SIMPLE -COMPLEX -COMPOUND
|Because of /due to /on account of|
He did not go to school because of his illness
As he was ill, he did not go to school
He was ill, so he did not go to school
|Inspite of / Despite|
Inspite of his illness, he went ti school
|Although / Though|
Though he was ill, he went to school
|But / Yet|
He was ill, but he went to schoo
Without reading, you will faill
If +sub+do/does + verb(base)
If you don't read, you will fail
Unless you read, you will fail.
read or fail
|By + verb(base)ing+obj|
By reading properly, you will get good marks
|If + sub +verb(base)+obj,sentence|
If you read properly, you will get good marks
read properly and get good marks
we eat to live
|so that/ in order that|
we eat so that we livr
we eat and we live
|Sub + Verb ++adj+moun|
I have a black car
I have car which is black
I have a car and it was black
Beside being a dancer, Ramij was a singer
Ramij who was a dancer, was a singer as well.
|nor only.... but also|
Ramij was not inly a singer but also a dancer
Being inattentive, he failed.
As he was inattentive, he failed
He was inattentive ans so he failed.
He is too weak to walk
He was so weak that he could not. walk
He was very weak and could not walk
|At the time of + verb(base)ing|
At the time of reading books, he knew the story
When he read books, he knew the story
He read the book and knew the story
I saw a man walking in the field
I saw a man who worked in the field
I saw a man and he worked in the field.
The weather being fine, we stated our journey
We started our journey as the weather was fine
The weather was fine so we started our journey
We’ll study all about basic, compound, and complex sentences in this session.
I’ll demonstrate the differences between these three sorts of sentences in this section. There are also exercises within the course that allow you to put what you’ve learned into practice. So, let’s get started.
- What is the definition of a simple sentence?
A basic sentence consists of two parts: a subject and a verb.
For instance, I work as a teacher.
The subject here is “I,” and the verb is “am.”
Another example: She took a taxi to the airport.
- Determine the subject and verb now.
The verb is “took,” and the subject is “she.”
For instance, tonight’s dinner will be pizza.
The subject of this sentence is “tonight’s dinner,” and the verb is the phrase “will be.”
Two words come to mind:
- All of these sentences have a subject and a verb, indicating that they are simple sentences.
- An independent clause is another name for a simple sentence.
This is exactly the same as a simple sentence, however, keep in mind that it’s only another name for a simple phrase.
- what exactly is a compound sentence?
A compound sentence is just a sentence with two components that are independent of one another.
A simple sentence has only one clause, whereas a complex sentence has two clauses that are independent of one another.
Consider the following scenario: My profession is that of a teacher. My wife is an attorney.
, we have two different independent clauses or simple sentences, which make it sound jagged and unconnected. Instead, we can combine our professions as follows: I am a teacher, and my wife is a lawyer.
This sounds much better, and the two separate sentences are now united by the conjunction “and.”
Here’s another illustration: She made an attempt to lift the suitcase. The suitcase was very hefty. We can use the word “but” to connect these clauses:
She attempted to raise the suitcase, but it was too heavy for her to lift.
In the second part, you’ll notice that the word “it” appears. Now, the pronoun “it” simply refers to the suitcase. It improves the sound of the text by minimizing repetition.
He didn’t have enough money, for example. He made his payment with a credit card.
The conjunction “so” can be used to link these clauses:
He couldn’t pay with cash, so he used his credit card.
Finally, we can catch the bus to the museum. We’ll be able to get there on foot.
What we have here are two alternatives; two different routes to the museum. We can connect these by using the word “or”: we can take the bus to the museum or walk there.
Now, the connecting words you see in these examples, such as “and,” “but,” “so,” “or,” and so on.
Coordinating conjunctions are the terminology used to describe these phrases.
That’s a fancy name for connecting two separate clauses, but it just implies that these are connecting words.
Another key aspect to note is that in all of the cases, we employ a comma after the first sentence to connect the two separate clauses.
This is the right format: first, write the first independent clause, then add a comma, conjunction, and last, write the second clause.
Keep this rule in mind. To make the compound sentence, use coordinating conjunction like “and,” “but,” “or,” or “so.”
1 number -she dropped it on the floor and Her phone broke
Number two: I’m not particularly hungry, so an orange juice will suffice.
Three, you must study more diligently or you will fail the exam.
Four: We’d like to buy a car, but we can’t right now afford one.